亚博APP手机版

山东省重点建设学科——眼科学

来源: 日期:2016-03-14 16:45 【字体:

一、学科简介

1.学科点的历史沿革与现状概述

本学科的前身是始建于1902年的胶澳督署医院眼科、国立山东大学医学院附属医院眼科和青岛大学医学院眼科,1951年成立教研室开始承担医学院临床教学任务。学科奠基人潘作新教授是全国著名眼科专家亚博APP手机版,一级教授,1947年8月任青岛国立山东大学医学院附属医院院长、眼科主任。1956年在他主持下建立了眼科病理室,是当时全国仅有的几家眼科学专业实验室之一,为培养眼科专业人才、进行科研工作打下了深厚的基础,造就了国内眼科界一大批有用之才。潘作新教授首创的眼睑板切断法用于矫治沙眼并发症享誉全国,被命名为“潘氏手术”。1997年为适应学科发展的需要、深化体制改革,在原有基础上成立了附属眼科医院,学科取得了飞速发展。2006年,为了贯彻国家人事部“联合共建,资源共享”的发展思路,在谢立信院士的倡导和学校的大力支持下,又成立了青岛大学眼科学院,下设眼科教研室、眼科研究所和眼科医院,谢立信院士任眼科学院院长。

本学科自潘作新教授创立之初起就成为山东东部地区的眼科医疗、教学和科研的中心,并在全国享有很高的声誉,以规模大、专业齐全、整体学术水平高、仪器设备先进而著称,先后涌现出了孙为荣教授、胡聪教授等一大批全国知名眼科专家。经过几代人的不懈努力,学科已发展成为由博士生导师及一大批中青年骨干组成的专业齐全的高层次医疗、教学与科研群体,在医疗、教学、科研等各方面均取得了令人瞩目的成就。1978年经国务院批准,开始招收眼科学硕士研究生,1998年获准为博士学位授权点,成为山东省最早的眼科学博士点,同时也是亚博APP手机版第一个博士点,是山东省“泰山学者”特聘教授设岗单位,其实验室于2006年2月被国家科学技术部批准为眼科学国家重点实验室培育基地,学科于2006年12月经山东省教育厅批准成为山东省省级重点学科。现任学科总带头人谢立信教授是目前中国眼科学领域唯一的两院院士。

2.本学科点的主要研究方向介绍

benxuekezichengliyilaijiushulilelinchuangyukeyanbingzhong、lilunyujishubingzhongdelianghaofazhanmoshi,muqianjiyouyilinchuangweizhuyaoneirongdejiaomobing、bolitiyushiwangmobing、xieshiyuruoshi、qingguangyandengsigefangxiang,yeyouzhuanmencongshiyankekeyandeyankejichufangxiang,haiyoushuangxiangfuwudeyankebinglizhuanyefangxiang。gezhuanyexianghushentou、jiaocha,xingchengyigekechixufazhandeqiangdaxuekezhengti。

研究方向一:角膜病

亚博APP手机版benxuekezaigaiyanjiufangxiangyongyoushandongshengweishengtingjiaomobingfangzhituiguangzhongxin,xianyichengweiwoguozhongyaodejiaomobingyanjiuhefangzhizhongxinzhiyi,qiyongyoudeyankushiguojiyankulianhehuipizhundezhongguosandayankuzhiyi。

亚博APP手机版gaifangxiangjiaoxueyukeyanshilixionghou,xueshudaitourenxielixinjiaoshoushimuqianguoneiyankejieweiyidezhongguogongchengyuanyuanshi,zaigefangmianjunqudelezhangzudejinbu,bufengongzuoyijingjishenyuguojixianjinxinglie,zaijiaomobingdelinchuangzonghezhiliaoheshoushufangfagaijinjililunchuangxinfangmianchengjiyouweituchu,duituidongwoguojiaomobingdeyufang、zhiliaoshouduandefazhanqidaoletuidongzuoyong。zaijiaomoyizhideshijianzhong,jiaomobaocunjishuheyankudejianshechuyuguoneilingxiandiwei,qijinyishixingjiaomoyizhishuyuwanli,bingduigaoweijiaomoyizhihoufashengpaichifanyingdejilijinxingyanjiu,tichujiaomoyizhihouneipimanxingshigongdelilun。jiehezhongguoganranxingjiaomobingduofadetedian,xianhoukaizhanguanyubingduxingjiaomoyanhezhenjunxingjiaomoyandefabingjizhiyufangzhiyanjiu,zaiguojishangshouciguanchadaobutongzhenjunzaijiaomoneicunzaibutongdeshengzhangfangshi,bingjucitichukeyicaiyongbancengjiaomoyizhizhiliaozhenjunganranxingjiaomoyan,yanjiuchengguohuoguoneiwaitongxingguanzhuheyinyong。zhenduigaoweijiaomoyizhishuhoumianyipaichifanyingzaochengshoushushibaidewenti,kaizhandeqianfangzhiruxingcsahuanshixitongfangzhigaoweijiaomoyizhishuhoumianyipaichifanyingdeyanjiu,qudelechuangxinxingchengguo,tianbuleguoneiwaikongbai。muqiangaiyanjiufangxiangdezhongdianshijiaomojibingdefabingjizhihejiyinzhiliaoyanjiu。chengdandeguojiaziranjijinxiangmujunweiraocitimukaizhan,bingyiqudelejieduanxingdechengguo;jiyujiaomozuzhiyuxibaokudezuzhigongchengjiaomodekaifazaijiaomoneipishidaichanghezhenjunxingjiaomoyandejiyinzhiliaodengfangmianjikenengqudezhongdatupo。

研究方向二:玻璃体与视网膜病

gaifangxiangzaiguoneilvxiankaizhanleshiwangmocuoshanghebolitishiwangmodengyixilieyandixiangguanjibingdelinchuanghejichuyanjiu,yanjiuchengguozai《retina》dengzazhishangfabiaoleduopianwenzhang,muqianshishandongshengzuidadebolitishiwangmoyanjiuzhongxinhelinchuangyanjiujidi,weishandongshengbolitishiwangmozhuanyedefazhanqizhezhongyaodetuidongzuoyong。zuoweixuexiaochuantongyoushizhiyi,bolitishiwangmojibingyanjiudekaizhanzaishandongshengyizhiyaoyaolingxian。1993nianzaiguoneijiaozaokaizhanlebolitishiwangmoshoushulinchuangjijichuyanjiu,duishiwangmotuoli、fuzayanwaishang、yanneiyan、tangniaobingshiwangmobingbiandebolitishoushuzhiliaojinxinglexitongdeguanchaheyanjiu。duifuzaxingyanwaishangzhiliaoyejileilefengfudejingyan,shulian、quanmiankaizhangezhongbolitishiwangmoshoushu。yandibingneikequanmiankaizhanyandibingzaoying、zhenzhigongzuo,shishandongshengneikaizhanpdtzhiliaomailuomoxinshengxueguanxingjibingzuizaodedanweizhiyi。ciwaizaiyanzhongliuzhenzhifangmianlvxianzaishengneikaizhanwaicebikaikuangshuheweichuangfazhaichuxueguanliu,gaijishuzhijinzaishandongshengzhuanyelingyuneibaochilingxiandiwei。jinnianlaizaishandongshengkejigongguanzhongdaxiangmuzizhuxiakaizhanleyandixinshengxueguanxingjibingfangzhideyanjiu,bingqudechubuchengguo。

研究方向三:眼病理

gaiyanjiufangxiangchenglilequanguozuizaodeyankebingliyanjiushizhiyi,zaiyipanzuoxinjiaoshouweishoudelaoyibeiyankebingligongzuozhejinsanshiniannulihefendoudejichushangbuduankaituochuangxin,zaiguoneiyankelinchuangbinglizhenduanhekeyanfangmianjunjuyoujiaodadeyingxiang。gaiyanjiufangxianghaizaiguoneizuizaojiangfenzishengwuxueyinruyanbuexingzhongliuyanjiu,duicileiyanzhongweihaihuanzheshilijishengmingdejibingzuolexitongshenrudeyanjiu,bingzaicijichushangzhuanxielezhuanzhu?yankezhongliuxue?,weiyanzhongliudejiyinzhenduanhelinchuangzhiliaokaipilexindetujing。

研究方向四:斜视与弱视

gaiyanjiufangxiangchuangjianyu1979nian,jingguojidairendenuli,xueshushuipingjuguoneixianjinshuiping,ruoshijimouxieteshuleixingxieshizhenzhijuguoneilingxianshuiping。bingrenshoushunianlingyouguoqudepingjun21suijiangdidaomuqiande6sui,jiangruoshichuzhennianlingyoupingjun10suijiangdidao5sui,menzhenzhenduandebingzhongjiegou、gezhongxieshideshoushubingzhongbilijiejinguojiziliao,shuomingbenzhuanyedezhenduan、zhiliaoshuipingjizaibendidepujichengdujunyuguojijiejin。zi1991nianzujianyanjiushiyilai,chongfenzhengherencai、zhishi、shebeiyoushi,yanjiukaifaxieshiruoshifangmiandebianyuan、jiaochajigaokejikexue。qijingongfabiaolunwenjinbaipian,xianhouchengdanweishengbujishengshigejiketi8xiang。zhuanxiebenzhuanyeshuji3bu,zhongbiaoweishengbu《xieshizhenduan》、《xieshishoushu》kejiandezhizuo。zi2002nianyilaixianhouchengdanguojiajijixuyixuexiangmu1xiang、shengjixiangmu1xiang,jubanquanguo、quanshengyanjixuexibangeyici,2004nianyingguojiorbisfeixingyankeyiyuanyaoqingzuoyanshixingshoushu,weipeiyangguoneixieshiruoshizhuanyerencai、tigaoxieshiruoshizhengtizhenzhishuipingzuochuleyidingdegongxian。muqian,benzhuanyezuzaiguoneiyilvxiankaizhanxieshiyichuanxueyanjiu,yixieyanjiuchengguoluxufabiao。jinhoudekeyanzhongdianrengranweiraoxieshiyouqishigongtongxingxieshidejiyinyanjiu,youwangzaixieshidebingyinxueshangqudetupo。

研究方向五:青光眼

亚博APP手机版gaiyanjiufangxiangjinnianlaizaijichuhelinchuangyanjiushangjunqudelejiaodadefazhan。zaijichuyanjiufangmian,guanchabingtantaoleweishengsubzuhejiachunduitiwaipeiyangdashushiwangmoshenjingjiexibaoshengzhangdeyingxiang,shoucitichuleweishengsubzuyingzaishiwangmoshenjingyuanhejiexibaosunshangdetongshiyongyao,rexiukedanbaikebaohuditangsunshangshideshiwangmoshenjingyuanhejiexibao。lingwai,guanchaleyaliduitiwaipeiyangdashushiwangmomullerxibaodeyingxiang,faxianjingyalichulihoutiwaipeiyangdemullerxibaoyousunshangdegaibian,xibaodaixieguansuandenenglixiajiang,gaiyanjiuchengguomuqianzaiguoneiwaihaiweijianleisibaodao。zaijianlimanxingqingguangyanmoxingjichushang,duimanxinggaoyanyaduidashuzhongshushenjingsunshangjinxingdeyanjiu,bujinweijinyibutantaoqingguangyandebinglisunshangjizhidiandinglejichu,erqiekaichuangleqingguangyanxingzhongshusunshangjizhideyanjiudexinlingyu。zailinchuangyanjiushang,shenruyanjiulesiliemeisuzaiqingguangyanshoushuzhongheliyingyongdewenti,bingjiangqiyingyongyufeichuantouxingxiaoliangqiechushu,bujinjiangdilehuanzhedeyiliaofeiyong,erqiequdeleyuyingyongtoumingzhisuanjiaotongyangdelinchuangxiaoguo。lingyifangmian,liyongzidongjingtaishiyejianchajishujinxingleqingguangyandegaoweiyinsuyuyuzhishiyedexiangguanxinghejingtaishiyesuizhendekekaoxingjinxingleyanjiu,zaiquanguochuyulingxiandiwei。muqiangaizhuanyefangxiangdegongguanzhongdianshi:(1)qingguangyandeshishenjingbaohu;(2)fangshuipaichutongdaodejichuyanjiu;(3)feichuantouxingxiaoliangqiechushulinchuangyujichuyanjiu,xunzhaotoumingzhisuanjiaopiantidaiwu。jiyuyiwangjianshidejichu,zaishangshusanfangmianyoukenengqudetupoxingjinzhan。

研究方向六:眼科基础

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raneryeyingdangkandao,suiranbenxuekedianjingguoduoniandeqianghuajianshequdeleyidingdechengji,danzaixuekeguimo、xueshujiaoliupingtaidejianshedengfangmianyehaicunzaizhuduobuzu,jinhoujiangjinyibujiadasheshijianshedetouru,tishengrencaiyinjin、guojijiaoliudeliduyusudu,zhengqushenqinggengduodeguojiajizhongdakeyanxiangmu。

3.本学科点的国家需求分析和发展前景

woguoshirenkoudaguo,xiantianxing、yichuanxingyanbingduofa,tongshi,suizherenkoudelaolinghua,nianlingxiangguanxingjibingdefabinglvyezhubupansheng,zheixiejibingyanzhongyingxiangzherenmindejiankangheshenghuo,jubuwanquantongji,woguomeinianxinzengmangmuhuanzheyue100wan,jiguojiaheshehuidailailejudadejingjiyali,fangmangzhimanggongzuorenzhongdaoyuan。duonianlai,benxuekeliyongzishenyankebingliyulinchuangfangmiandeyoushizhankaiduofangxiangdejichuyulinchuangyanjiu,zaiyuanzhuijiaomo、xiantianxingbaineizhang、xieshi、ruoshi、zaochanershiwangmobingbiandengxiantianxing、fayuxingyanbujibingyijinianlingxiangguanxingbaineizhang、huangbanbianxingdenglaolinghuajibingfangmianjinxinglezhuoyouchengxiaodegongzuo,fangmangzhimangqudelelingshirenzhumudechengji。jinruershiyishiji,benxuekezhuizongyixuelingyufazhanqianyan,zaijiaomobing、shiwangmobing、yanzhongliudengfangmianluxukaizhanlejiyinzhenduan、zhiliaodexiangguanyanjiu,jijikaipiyanbujibingzhiliaodexintujing,fuhewoguofangmangzhimanggongzuodepoqiexuyao。lingyifangmian,woguoyankezhuanyongyaowudeyanfaxiangduizhihou,quefajuyouzizhuzhishichanquandexinyaohexianjinjixing,benxuekedianzaicifangmianjinxinglebuxiedenuli,yeyiyanfachenggongqianfangzhiruxingcsahuanshixitongdengduozhongyanyongyaowujixingbingqudeguojiazhuanlihuolinchuangshiyanpihao,zouzailequanguodeqianlie。jinhoujiangjixuliyongchengshudejingyanjinyibukaizhanyanfagongzuo,weiguominshijuejiankangshuipingdetigaozuochuzijidegongxian。

zailinchuangshoushujiqiaofangmian,woguoyouxiudeyankeyishengbubishijieshangdedingjianshuipingzhecha,danwoguodeyankejichuyanjiuheyingyongjichuyanjiushuipingyaobimeiguodengfadaguojialuohou。benxuekezaijiaomobing、baineizhang、shiwangmojibingdelinchuangyanjiuyijikuaxuekeyanjiufangmianyijingqudelexianzhuchengjiu。qingdaodaxuezaixianyoujichushangshenqingjiansheguojiayankexuezhongdianxueke,jiangchongfenfahuiyuanshidailingxiadetuanduixiaoying,jiangyiyouchengguojinyibukuoda。

二、学术团队

1.本学科点主要学术带头人简介

谢立信 教授,亚博APP手机版男,64岁,博士生导师,中国工程院院士,本学科总带头人和角膜病方向带头人。1965年毕业于山东医学院,1987-1988年在美国路易斯安那州立大学从事博士后研究。现任青岛大学眼科学院院长、山东省眼科研究所所长,兼任《中华眼科杂志》副总编辑、国家自然科学基金生命科学部第九届学科评审委员、美国眼科学会国际会员、国际眼表疾病学会理事,十六大代表,享受国务院政府特殊津贴。谢立信院士在眼科角膜病专业的应用基础研究和显微手术方面进行了大量创造性工作,是目前我国眼科学领域唯一的工程院院士。曾作为首位人员先后获国家和省级科技进步奖1l项,作为第二位人员获省级科技进步奖1项。共为7000余例角膜盲患者成功地施行了角膜移植手术,并撰写出版了我国首部《角膜移植学》专著。累计在国内外眼科杂志发表学术论文334篇,其中以第一或通讯作者在《中华眼科杂志》发表论文90余篇,居国内同行之首,被SCI 收录国外发表论文31篇,主编和参编由人民卫生出版社出版的专著共计22部。培养博士研究生9名。

史伟云 教授,男,58岁,教授、主任医师、眼科学博士。现任山东省眼科研究所副所长、山东省眼科学重点实验室副主任。1989年开始师从谢立信教授攻读硕士、博士学位,1995年作为访问学者赴英国格拉斯哥大学眼科系深造一年,2000年作为高级访问学者赴美国路易斯安那州立大学眼科中心研修一年。现兼任山东省眼科学会青年学组副组长、中华眼科学会角膜病组委员兼秘书、《临床眼科杂志》编委和《中华眼科杂志》特约审稿人等职务。获山东省科技进步一等奖等科研奖励4项。先后参与编写专业书籍8部,在国内外发表学术论文近百篇。2001年当选山东省十佳留学回国科技专家,2004年当选山东省首届医药卫生中青年重点科技人才。精于各种角膜病的诊断和治疗,特别是在高危角膜移植方面造诣深厚,主要的研究领域是角膜移植相关的生物学基础和眼科药物学等。

赵桂秋 教授,女,44岁,医学博士,博士生导师。现兼任青岛市医学会眼科学分会主任委员、山东省眼科学会副主任委员、山东省中西医眼科学会副主任委员等职,是山东省卫生系统中青年重点科技人才。近年来,获山东省科技进步三等奖1项,山东省教育厅理论成果二等奖1项,主持国家自然科学基金资助项目1项、省、市级科研课题5项,发表论文40余篇,被SCI收录1篇,主编、参编出版专著5部,培养硕士研究生13名,协助培养博士研究生4名。曾先后获山东省、青岛市青年科技进步奖,并被评为青岛市“百千万人才工程”第三层次人选。擅长白内障、角膜病的手术及药物临床综合治疗,熟练开展国际先进的白内障超声乳化手术,对复杂性的高危角膜移植手术也有独到的见解,每年为大量角膜病盲和圆锥角膜病人实施角膜移植手术,年手术量超过1000例。近几年开展的高危角膜移植使本来求治无望的严重化学性烧伤和烫伤致盲患者重见光明,在青岛市乃至山东省专业领域内有较大的影响。

董晓光 教授,女,55岁,玻璃体与视网膜病方向学术带头人,博士生导师,1977年毕业于潍坊医学院。1996年至1997年,曾作为高级访问学者应邀赴美国进行专题研修。现任山东省眼科学会玻璃体视网膜学组副组长、青岛市眼科学会副主任委员、《眼科新进展》、《美中国际眼科杂志》编委、美国眼科学会国际会员,是山东省专业技术拔尖人才,享受国务院特殊津贴。曾先后获科研成果奖励16项,其中获山东省科技进步一至三等奖6项。承担并完成国家自然基金资助课题2项、省市各级科研项目3项,发表学术论文130余篇,先后有5篇被SCI收录、2篇论文在美国眼科年会上进行大会报告。培养硕士生12人,博士生4人。在玻璃体、视网膜疾病,尤其是复杂性眼外伤的诊治方面具有较深的造诣,是我国较早开展玻璃体切割手术的人员之一。

牛膺筠 教授亚博APP手机版,女,61岁,眼病理方向学术带头人,医学硕士,博士生导师。曾任山东省玻璃体视网膜学组组长、中国现代医学学术交流研讨会眼科医学委员会副主任委员,现任中华医学会《中华眼科杂志》编委。2000年被评为青岛市专业技术拔尖人才。近年来先后获山东省科技进步二等奖1项、山东省教育厅科技进步一等、二等、三等奖各1项、山东省医学科技进步二、三等奖各1项、青岛市科技进步三等奖1项,承担卫生部CAI课件1部、主持国家自然科学基金资助项目1项,省、市级科研课题6项。累计发表学术论文60余篇,被SCI收录2篇,CA收录2篇,MEDLINE收录5篇。曾在《中华眼科杂志》发表论文最多的百名作者评选中位列在全国名列第11位,在山东省位居第2位(1978-1998)。主编出版专著2部。

刘桂香 副教授亚博APP手机版,女,43岁,斜视与弱视方向学术带头人,医学博士,硕士研究生导师,现任中华眼科学会山东省分会斜视弱视专业组副组长、中青年学组委员、青岛市病残儿鉴定委员会委员。近年来,发表论文41篇,获省、市级科研成果10项,主持或参与省、部级科研课题4项,编写书籍7部。在全国率先开展了先进的直视下下斜肌切断及切除术,该手术效果好、创伤性小、避免了许多并发症的发生。对斜视弱视专业有较深的理解和独到的见解,能正确诊断、恰当处理疑难病例,在弱视及某些特殊类型斜视诊治方面居国内领先水平。开展的弱视基础及斜视的病因学研究,借助于分子生物学技术评价实验性弱视动物治疗前后视皮质分子表达水平变化,从基因水平阐明了斜视弱视可能的发病机理,为该领域开创了新的研究思路和方法。

王大博 教授,男,43岁,青光眼方向学术带头人,医学博士,硕士生导师。2001年至2003年赴日本国鸟取大学亚博APP手机版官方网站研修眼组织学。曾先后荣获青岛市第二批青年学术、工程技术带头人、青岛市青年科技进步奖。近年来,参与完成国家自然基金项目1项,历获山东省科技厅科学技术进步三等奖1项,山东省医药科技进步三等奖1项,山东省教育厅科学技术进步三等奖2项,累计发表学术论文38篇,其中核心期刊22篇,目前主持省、市级科研课题3项。所开展的急性青光眼的微创治疗、非穿透性滤过手术及可拆缝线等技术,大大提高了青光眼手术的治疗效果,同时在先天性青光眼的治疗方面也有较深的造诣,已积累了上百例针对先天性青光眼的手术治疗经验,使许多患儿成年后仍保持着很好的视功能。

王宜强 研究员,男,41岁,眼科基础方向学术带头人,医学博士,博士生导师,山东省“泰山学者”特聘教授。1999-2004年在美国爱荷华大学医学院作访问学者,美国免疫学家协会(AAI)会员,中华医学会眼科学分会免疫学组委员。目前共发表论文30余篇,其中以第一作者在国外期刊发表研究论文5篇,国内外学术会议报告多篇,作为副主编撰写《靶向新基因的分子克隆策略:理论与方法》。现主持国家自然科学基金资助项目1项,参与863重大项目等多项。

2.本学科点学术梯队情况

亚博APP手机版benxuekerencaishilixionghou,“shiwu”qijianxuekezaizhengtijiansheshangzouchulecongyoudaoqiangdedaolu,yeyixingchengleyizhiyixielixinyuanshiweishou、yizhongqingnianguganjishurencaiweizhongjiandedegaosuzhikeyanduiwu。48mingzhuanyerenyuanzhonghuoboshixueweizhe26ren,shuoshixueweizhe16ren,jiaoshou13ren,fujiaoshou12ren,jiangshi23ren,xiangshouguowuyuanteshujuntiezhe3ren。xianyouboshishengdaoshi7ming,shuoshishengdaoshi13ming,zhonghuayankezazhichangwufuzongbian1ming、bianwei2ming,zhongguoshiyongyankezazhidenghexinqikanbianwei7ming。xuekerencaitiduiheli,xueshudaitourennianfuliqiang,qiangjingdituidonglexuekekechixufazhan。5geyanjiufangxiangzhong4geshiquanguoxuezuweiyuanjishandongshengxuezuzuzhangdanwei,zaishandongshengnaizhiquanguoxingchenglegonggudexueshudiwei,zongtishilichuyuquanguoxianjinxinglie。

三、科学研究

1.本学科点科学研究情况

亚博APP手机版zaikeyanfangmian,xuekechuanchenglaoyibeikeyangongzuozhedeyouliangchuantong,chongfenfahuiboshidiandeyoushi,tuchuzhongdian,tuchuyoushi,zai2001nianzhi2006nianqijian,xianhouchengdanguojiashiwuzhongdagongguanxiangmu、guojiajiguowuyuangebumenxiangmuyijiguojiazirankexuejijinzizhuxiangmuzaineideguojiajiketi18xiang,wancheng10xiang,chengdansheng、shigejidifangzhengfujiqishiyeweituokeyanxiangmu55xiang,wancheng23xiang,huoshandongshengkejijinbujiangyidengjiang1xiang、erdengjiang2xiang、sandengjiang4xiangjitingjujikeyanjiangli10xiang,6xiangketijingjiandingdaguojixianjinhuoguoneilingxianshuiping,huoguojiafamingzhuanli5xiang。jin5nianneizaiguoneigongkaixueshuqikanfabiaoxueshulunwenzongji446pian,beiscishoulu22pian,zhubian、fuzhubianzhuzuo13bu。zongtikeyanshuipingchuyuquanguoxianjinxinglie。

2.本学科点的科学贡献(或社会服务贡献)情况

本学科点自创始之初起就高度重视科研工作,注重科研成果的实际应用,形成了自己鲜明的特色,做出的科学贡献源远流长。1953年,开展的首例角膜移植获得成功,1959年在国内首次发现镰刀菌引起的角膜溃疡。上世纪80年代中期,在谢立信院士的带领下,建立了国际眼库联合会批准的中国三大眼库之一,科研团队自主研发的角膜植片长期保存、中期保存技术获得突破并应用于临床,为大规模开展角膜移植手术创造了有利条件,迄今已为逾万例患者进行了角膜移植手术。另一方面,针对角膜移植术后的免疫排斥反应造成手术失败的问题,科研团队在国家十五重大攻关项目的资助下进行了环孢素A缓释系统的研究与临床试验工作,取得了良好的效果,研究论文在《Cornea》、《Ophthalmology》等国际权威杂志上发表并获得了发明专利。九十年代中期,学科又率先在国内开展了白内障超声乳化手术和玻璃体切割手术,尤其是在儿童白内障手术方面,谢立信院士创造性地提出晶状体前后环形撕囊联合前段玻璃体切割术的理论,获得了国内外专业领域内的一致认可,同时学科在斜视、弱视及青光眼的研究与临床工作方面也走在了全国的前列,挽救了无数失明的患者。在眼科病理方面,学科始终走在全国的最前沿,1997年,著名眼科病理学家孙为荣教授编著的我国第一部《眼科病理学》亚博APP手机版得到学术界的一致好评,并获卫生部科技进步三等奖。进入二十一世纪,学科追踪领域前沿,在角膜病、视网膜病与眼病理、斜视、弱视等方面进一步开展起了基因治疗与分子生物学研究等工作并先后获得了国家级项目资助。针对我国眼科基础研究这一薄弱环节,学科着力建设科研团队,目前已建成了以“泰山学者”王宜强研究员为骨干的专职眼科基础研究队伍,与临床科研人员协作开展一系列合作研究。

四、人才培养

1.本学科点在保证人才培养质量方面的主要措施和已取得的成效

benxuekemuqianshiyankexueshuoshiheboshixueweishouquandian,jingguoduoniandejianshe,benxuekeyongyouyidapigaoxueligaosuzhidejiaoshiduiwu,youyangedejiaoxueguanlizhidu,shizaishandongshengnaizhiquanguodoujuyouyingxiangdejiaoxuehekeyanjidi。xuekedianweitigaorencaidezhiliangsuocaiqudecuoshizhuyaoyou:

亚博APP手机版(1)jiaqiangjiaoshiduiwudeshidejianshe:benxuekezairenzhenguanchedangdeshiliudajingshenjichushang,shenruluoshijiaoyubu《mianxiang21shijijiaoyuzhenxingxingdongjihua》degongzuofangzhen,zuzhijiaoshixuexile《jiaoyufa》、《jiaoshifa》dengfalvxingwenjian,shijiaoshishuliqi“yirengelaipeiyangrenge,yilinghunlaisuzaolinghun”deshideguannian,xingchenglelianghaodejiaoshuyurenhuanjing;

亚博APP手机版(2)zhongshijiaoxuesiludegaigehejiaoxuechuangxinyishidekaifa:buduantuozhan、wanshanshuoshijiboshishengjiaoyudeguifanhua、kexuehuapeiyangtixi,zaibenkezhiboshigejijiaoxuegongzuozhongtuiguangshuangyujiaoxue,yanfa、bianzhujiaoxuekejian、shuji,xianhouchengdanweishengbuyixueshitingjiaocai、caikejianzhizuogongzuo3xiang,yiwancheng2xiang,bianyichubanwoguoshoubuyankeshuangyujiaoxuecankaoyongshu《yankexuezonglun》;

(3)xuansongyouxiushuoshi、boshiyanjiushengfuguoneiwaixianjindeshiyanshi、yanjiuzhongxinjinyibushenzao、yanxiu,muqianyiyuribenniaoqudaxue、hanguoyanshidaxuedengjianlilewendingdehezuoguanxi;

亚博APP手机版(4)jiaqiangzishenyingjianhexianjinjiaoxuepingtaijianshe,“shiwu”qijianchoujuzijianchenglejuyouxianjinyiliao、jiaoxuehekeyanshebeideyankezhongxin,weilinchuangjiaoxueherencaipeiyangchuangzaolelianghaodetiaojian。

亚博APP手机版buxiedenulijiechuleleileishuoguo,2001nianzhi2006nianleijiwanchengyixuebenkejiaoxue19geban2726renci,peiyangshuoshiyanjiusheng110ming、boshiyanjiusheng29ming,shuoshi、boshibiyeshengzaixiaoqijianleijifabiaoxueshulunwen96pian,beiscishoulu12pian,biyehouzaigejiyiyuanjunchengweiguganliliang。2006nianbenxuekexianhoubeipizhunweiguojiazhongdianshiyanshipeiyujidi、shandongshengshengjizhongdianxueke。

2.本学科点培养博士的规模和优秀博士毕业生简介

亚博APP手机版benxuekezi1998nianbeipizhunweiboshixueweishouquandianyilai,zaibaozhengrencaipeiyangzhiliangdejichuzhishang,zhaoshengguimozhubukuoda,yileijizhaoshouboshiyanjiusheng8jie37ren,biye25ren,qizhong“shiwu”qijianzhaoshou29ren,peiyangleyizhaoguiqiuboshiweijiechudaibiaodeyidapigaojishuzhuanyerencai,biyehouguangfanfenbuyuquanguogedi。

赵桂秋 博士亚博APP手机版,女,44岁,1999年考取青岛大学医学院眼科学博士研究生,在读期间,在圆锥角膜的分子生物学发病机理方面做出了大量创新性工作,在国内外首次报道了人类转化生长因子诱导的细胞外基质黏附蛋白βigh3在圆锥角膜发病过程中的作用,先后发表相关学术论文近20篇,研究成果获山东省科技进步三等奖,2001年以优异的学习成绩提前博士毕业,成为青岛大学培养的首位博士,并获得2003年度山东省优秀博士学位论文奖。毕业后一直致力于角膜病、白内障临床与科研工作,现任青岛市医学会眼科学分会主任委员、山东省眼科学会副主任委员等职,是山东省卫生系统中青年重点科技人才,在青岛市乃至山东省专业领域内具有很高的知名度。

罗文娟 博士,女,31岁,讲师。2002年考入青岛大学医学院眼科学专业攻读博士学位,师从著名眼科学专家王传富教授。先后参与国家自然科学基金资助项目2项(第2位、第5位),参与完成青岛市科学技术局资助项目1项(第3位),以第一作者身份在《中华眼科杂志》等专业期刊上发表学术论文6篇。2006年获山东省优秀博士学位论文奖。

五、学术交流

1.本学科点国内学术交流情况

benxuekedianshiguoneiweishubuduodedeyankexueboshidianzhiyi,zaiguoneizhuanyelingyuneixiangyoujiaogaodezhimingdu。zuoweizhongyaodeyankexuejiaoxuejidi,2001nianzhi2006nianqijianweigedijicengyiyuanpeiyangjinxiusheng311ren,xianhoujubangejixueshuhuiyiheyixuejixujiaoyuxuexiban25ci,jiaoshi、xueshengcanjiaquanguogeleixueshuhuiyi、jiaoliuhuodonggongji300yurenci,xuanpaijishuguganfuquanguoxuexi、jinxiuleiji56renci。

2.本学科点国际学术交流情况

benxuekeyiyumeiguoguoliweishengyanjiuyuan、meiguoyindianneidaxueyixueyuanyankezhongxin、meiguodekesasidaxuebolitishiwangmozhongxinfenzishengwuxueshiyanshi、meiguomaiamidaxueyanbiaozhongxin、meiguobinxifaniyadaxueyixuezhongxin、meiguoaihehuadaxue、ribendongbeidaxue、dabandaxuedengjianlilemiqiedehezuoguanxi。yuribendabandaxuelianhejianlidezhongriyouhaojiaomobingzhongxinshoupizijinyijingdaowei,yuhanguotianzhujiaodaxueheribencantianzhiyaogongsidelianhekaizhandejichuyanjiuxiangmuyezaijinxingzhong。chudingqizhubanguojiqingdaoyankexueshuyantaohuiwai,haibudingqiyaoqingguojizhumingzhuanjiadaoxuexiaoheshiyanshifangwen、jiangxue,5nianjiangongyou24mingguowaixuezhelaixiaojinxingyankexuexueshujiangzuo。xianhoujubanguojixingxueshuhuiyi7ci,you28rencifumeiguo、yingguo、riben、hanguofangwen、yanxiu,21rencifuguojixingxueshuhuiyifayan、xuandulunwen,yinjinwangyiqiang、wangdabo、gonghuaqingdenggong6weiyouxiuliuxueguiguorenyuan。

六、支撑条件

1.本学科点教学科研条件基本情况

shangshijiwushiniandai,yipanzuoxinjiaoshouweishoudelaoyibeiyankexuegongzuozhejianlileyankebingliyanjiushi,shiquanguochenglizuizaodeyankebinglizhuanyeshiyanshizhiyi,weixuekedefazhandiandinglejianshidejichu,zhihoujingguojidairendebuxienuliyufendou,xuekediandezhengtijiaoxuekeyantiaojianhuodelejudadetigao。yiboshidiandeyoushidiweiweiyituo,“shiwu”qijian,benxuekexianhouzhengqudifangtouzi1500yuwanyuanchoujianlejuyouguojixianjinshuipingyankezhongxin、shiguangxuezhongxin,peibeilezhunfenzijiguangxitong、gongjiaoxianweijing、guangxuexiangganyandisaomiaoyi、duojiaoshijuedianshengliyi、gaoxiaoyexiangsepuyi、quanzidongjingtaishiyeji、jiaomodixingtu、chaoshengshengwuxianweijing、bolitiqiegeyidengjianduandaxingyiqishebei,jiufushengmingdeyiliaotuandui、gaocengcidezhenliaojishuxiyinlenandaodaohunan、beizhijilindeguangdadiyudebingyuanqianlaijiuyi,weibenxuekedejiaoxueyukeyangongzuojileilefengfudesucai,chuangzaolelianghaodetiaojian。

亚博APP手机版zaikeyanfangmian,benxuekejianchenglezongmianjida11000pingfangmidejiaoxue、keyanlou,bingyitourushiyong。chushandongshengcaizhengtingmeiniantigongdezhongdianshiyanshijianshejingfeiwai,jinxienianxuexiaomeiniancongsuoshudeyankezhongxin、shiguangxuezhongxindengshitidelirunzhongnachuyue200wanyuantourudaoshiyanshiyunxinghekeyanzizhuzhong。muqianshiyanshikeyanyiqiyongyoubaokuojiguanggongjiaoxianweijing、liushixibaoyi、yingguangdingliangpcryidengdazhongxingyiqi,zongjiazhi2000yuwanyuan。

2.本学科点相关学科支撑情况简介

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3.本学科点资金投入和使用情况

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